Polyvinylpyrrolidone PVPalso commonly called polyvidone or povidoneis a water-soluble polymer made from the monomer N -vinylpyrrolidone. PVP was used as a plasma volume expander for trauma victims after the s.
It is not preferred as volume expander due to its ability to provoke histamine release and also interfere with blood grouping. It is used as a binder in many pharmaceutical tablets;  it simply passes through the body when taken orally.
However, autopsies have found that crospovidone PVPP contributes to pulmonary vascular injury in substance abusers who have injected pharmaceutical tablets intended for oral consumption.
PVP added to iodine forms a complex called povidone-iodine that possesses disinfectant properties. It is known under the trade names Pyodine and Betadineamong a plethora of others. It is used in pleurodesis fusion of the pleura because of incessant pleural effusions.
For this purpose, povidone iodine is equally effective and safe as talcand may be preferred because of easy availability and low cost.
PVP is used in some contact lenses and their packaging solutions. It reduces friction, thus acting as a lubricant, or wetting agentbuilt into the lens. PVP is used as a lubricant in some eye drops, e. PVP binds to polar molecules exceptionally well, owing to its polarity. This has led to its application in coatings for photo-quality ink-jet papers and transparencies, as well as in inks for inkjet printers.
PVP is also used in personal care products, such as shampoos and toothpastesin paintsand adhesives that must be moistened, such as old-style postage stamps and envelopes. It has also been used in contact lens solutions and in steel -quenching solutions. PVPP crospovidone is E It is also used in the wine industry as a fining agent for white wine and some beers. In molecular biologyPVP can be used as a blocking agent during Southern blot analysis as a component of Denhardt's buffer.
It is also exceptionally good at absorbing polyphenols during DNA purification. Polyphenols are common in many plant tissues and can deactivate proteins if not removed and therefore inhibit many downstream reactions like PCR. In microscopyPVP is useful for making an aqueous mounting medium. PVP can be used to screen for phenolic properties, as referenced in a study on the effect of plant extracts on insulin production.
The U. Food and Drug Administration FDA has approved this chemical for many uses,  and it is generally considered safe. For example, a boy having an anaphylactic response after application of PVP-Iodine for treatment of impetigo was found to be allergic to the PVP component of the solution. She was found to be allergic to PVP. Povidone is commonly used in conjunction with other chemicals.
Some of these, such as iodineare blamed for allergic responses, although testing results in some patients show no signs of allergy to the suspect chemical. Allergies attributed to these other chemicals may possibly be caused by the PVP instead.
PVP is soluble in water and other polar solvents. For example, it is soluble in various alcohols, such as methanol and ethanol as well as in more exotic solvents like the deep eutectic solvent formed by choline chloride and urea Relin. In solution, it has excellent wetting properties and readily forms films. This makes it good as a coating or an additive to coatings.
The smallest and most affordable laser printer Lexmark has ever made, the E is great for getting small print jobs in your hands fast. With its sleek black design, it looks great on any desktop. And thanks to its crisp laser print quality, your documents look good too! Lexmark recommends that the number of pages per month be within the stated range for optimum device performance, based on factors including: supplies replacement intervals, paper loading intervals, speed, and typical customer usage.
This metric provides a comparison of robustness in relation to other Lexmark printers and MFPs. Scroll to Return Programme supplies. Scroll to regular supplies. Scroll to other supplies.
Stay up to date with the latest security and other new features, and improve your productivity. Your Lexmark device performs best when you download the most recent drivers and firmware.
Sign up for firmware alerts now. The Lexmark Universal Print Driver provide users and administrators with a standardized, one-driver solution for their printing needs.
Instead of installing and managing individual drivers for each printer model, administrators can install the Lexmark Universal Print Driver for use with a variety of both mono and color laser printers and multi-function devices.
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Description E biological bomblet cutaway. The vaned outer shell of this spherical bomblet was designed to provide rotation during flight. On impact, the outer shell would shatter; the bomblet was asymmetrically weighted so that agent would then be sprayed from the top of the bomblet.
The E bomblet was developed in the early s, This image is a work of a U. Army soldier or employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. As a work of the U. The vaned outer shell of this spherical bomblet was d. The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file pages on other projects are not listed :.
The following other wikis use this file: Usage on el. Namespaces File Talk. Views Read View on Commons. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. What links here Upload file Special pages Printable version Page information.
The E biological bomblet was one of a number of spherical biological bomblets that were developed before the United States discontinued its offensive program in the s. Reprinted from van Keuren RT. Permission Reusing this file. Public domain, see license: Public domain Public domain false false.
File:P FigB.If the Horizon E elliptical trainer sounds vaguely familiar then it should be.
This is the model replacing the which was an absolutely great machine. What could be better? How about the new improved E at a lower price! They have paired down about 35 buttons to 12, and positioned the iPod docking station in the middle of the high tech console.
The streamlined multiple LED windows provide feedback instantaneously for all program readouts. The rest of the specs on the Horizon E elliptical include:. Experts give the Horizon E strong marks for value, quality, noise level, reliability, ergonomics, and warranty. Mounting the trainer is easier than for most standard ellipticals; the pedal height is low to accommodate rear entry access.
As for home assembly, the directions that come with the Horizon E elliptical could not be more user-friendly. Horizon must have hired a new writer because their detailed instructions and illustrations are easy enough for even the most Allen wrench-challenged among us to follow.
Horizon ellipticals are currently on sale. Horizon EX Horizon Evolve 3. Horizon Elite E9. Horizon Evolve 5. Horizon Elite E7. Horizon ellipticals are on sale right now! Trademarks, brands and images are the property of their respective owners.A hp The John Deere Easy Change second oil change system makes changing the engine oil easy, quick, and clean.
Changing the oil is as easy as twisting on a new oil-filled filter. Oil does not need to be drained from the engine. The John Deere Easy Change filter is an additional engine oil reservoir. Changing the filter removes the captured contaminants and replaces about 0. The functionality does not stop with ease of use. The Easy Change oil system has several meaningful benefits over the traditional oil filter system of the Series:. Partly due to these improvements, it is not necessary to remove and dispose of all the oil in the engine during service.
Everyone who uses the John Deere Easy Change system saves time and avoids the mess of a traditional oil change. In the past, many Series Lawn Tractor owners rarely or never got around to changing their engine oil. With John Deere Easy Change, even owners who previously would not consider changing the oil themselves can easily do it.
The Easy Change second oil change system is a no-mess, no-fuss solution the competition cannot match. Please recycle. Many local government recycling programs, authorized retailers, auto-service centers, and auto-parts stores will puncture and recycle used oil filters and oil.
The CargO Mount system is a combination of front- and rear-mounting points providing convenient and easy installation of the sun canopy, rear bagger, and other attachments. An advantage of lawn tractors is their ability to use equipment for snow removal.
Lawn tractor owners can add a John Deere snow blower or front blade to make quick work of moving snow whenever the need arises. Weather enclosure and tire-chain attachments add comfort and performance.
Equipment available for snow removal includes:.Bell sold 30 picks from October 2008 through March 2010.
Eight months after his final sale, he came out of retirement to offer a freebie in college-football: Army as an eight-point underdog against Notre Dame. Before launching Pregame, Bell offered free picks.
File:E120 biological bomblet cutaway.jpg
But where was the money in that. His NCAA domain squatting may offer a hint: The real profit was in lucrative referral deals with offshore sportsbooks. Bettors signed up for free picks, and Bell accumulated a massive database of names and email addresses that he could sell to sportsbooks.
According to a Pregame advertising kit circa 2010, the average Pregame and FPBE user was a fairly avid bettor who played at multiple books. Sportsbooks less able or inclined to spend six figures could sign up as standard advertisers. A testimonial of his is featured on the home page of WebPartners, an affiliate go-between and Costa Rica-based bookmaker. A cookie-based tracking system and unique token ensured that those who clicked on the ads and then deposited money at Mybookie would be credited as referrals of WagerTalk.
Every month thereafter, site heads would be sent a monthly statement and a check for their cut of those losses. Industry standard Sportsbook Review gives Mybookie a C rating. WagerTalk ranked Mybookie as its top sportsbook. As Johnny Detroit was handling the arrangements with sportsbooks, Bell was doing his part to push their merged tout service to the public.
Their break came in 2007, provided by disgraced NBA referee and heavy gambler Tim Donaghy. The figures he put out grabbed their attention, and Bell was invited onto CBS News, ABC News, and ESPN, quoted by the Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, and the Associated Press. To this day, numerous outlets still say Bell provided the statistical evidence that broke the Donaghy story.
For example, Bell pointed out that Donaghy refereed 13 games during the 2006-07 season in which the margin fell within one point of the spread. Suchanek showed that this was what would be expected from random chance. But when asked by Suchanek to disclose the list of those games, Bell declined. You guys would rather a sober recitation of the facts. He encouraged first-time visitors to check out their many offers: Pregame Wire, Pregame Buzz, Free Picks from Pro Bettors, FreePicksByEmail, and Sportsbook Spy.
Waiting for them was an ocean of ads from sportsbooks and offers of generous sign-up bonuses. And maybe some surprises. Pregame would have to sell subscriptions and single-game picks by the truckload. Then I learned about the affiliate sheets. Based on the rates Bell was charging sportsbooks just to advertise on Pregame, the multimillion-dollar valuation seems logical. At any one time, Pregame appeared to carry seven preferred sportsbooks.
Just watch the money roll in. If tout services knew their customers were winning, the smart choice would be the one-time deposit, instead of one tied to losing. The oddsmaker said he has never seen touts choose the deposit. After the Donaghy scandal, Bell and Johnny Detroit tried to make Pregame.
So they funneled their sportsbook referrals through Canadian-registered Pregame Action, a go-between which may have provided a way around a U. Two months before Pregame Action went missing, Johnny Detroit left.Thank u for the exhaustive list. A few follow up questions1. Reply1 year 2 months agochrlShare On TwitterShare On Googlehi,GREAT post.
Let sit in re-usable pitcher in the fridge. What about the toxic plastics that our appliances are now being made of. Reply1 year 4 months agoGeroShare On TwitterShare On Googlethank you.
Proudly powered by WordPress. Below is just a selection of some of our digital photography tips and tutorials aimed more at the beginner photographer. These Beginner Tips just scratch the Surface of our archives. Subscribe to Digital Photography School for more great tips today. Join this great new dPS course here. Free Downloadable Photography Guides for Beginners Also check out two of our free downloadable ultimate guides for beginners: Ultimate FREE Guide to Photography for Beginners The dPS Ultimate Guide to Photography Terms Below is just a selection of some of our digital photography tips and tutorials aimed more at the beginner photographer.
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That way, you only need to worry about these other laundry mistakes that could ruin your next load of wash. Liquid drain cleaners are also bad newsthey eat away at the pipes.